Understanding Common Warehouse Types and Their Storage Characteristics – TransTRACK (2024)

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Posted on 7 Juli 202312 Juli 2023 by Nur Wachda Mihmidati

Understanding Common Warehouse Types and Their Storage Characteristics – TransTRACK (1)

There are several factors that can distinguish different warehouse types, such as the type of goods stored, storage characteristics, size and capacity, as well as location. In this article, we will discuss the warehouse types based on their storage characteristics, ranging from raw material warehouses to fulfillment warehouses. Let’s dive into the complete TransTRACK article!

Types of Warehouses in General

Here is a brief explanation of the commonly found warehouse types:

Private or Private Warehouses

Private or private warehouses are warehouses owned by companies or individuals. These warehouses are used to store their own goods or raw materials. They are usually strategically located near production facilities, facilitating easy access to and retrieval of necessary items for production or distribution. Private or private warehouses typically have tight security systems in place to protect the stored goods.

Public or Public Warehouses

Public or public warehouses are warehouses that are rented out by third parties to companies or individuals for storing their goods or raw materials. These warehouses are usually more cost-effective compared to private warehouses, as the operational costs are divided among multiple tenants. Public or public warehouses are often strategically located and easily accessible to transport vehicles. They are also equipped with security systems to safeguard the stored items.

Automated Warehouses

Automated warehouses are warehouses equipped with automated systems for moving and storing goods. These warehouses typically utilize rack storage systems and automated conveyor systems to facilitate the movement of items. They are also usually equipped with automated inventory control systems, allowing for efficient and accurate inventory management. The automated systems in these warehouses help reduce operational costs and enhance efficiency in storage and retrieval processes.

Distribution Centers

Distribution centers are warehouses used as centralized hubs for meeting market demands. These warehouses are usually located near city centers or ports and have excellent transportation facilities to facilitate the distribution of goods. Distribution centers are equipped with efficient picking and shipping systems to ensure fast and timely delivery of products.

Climate-Controlled Warehouses

Climate-controlled warehouses are warehouses equipped with temperature and humidity control systems to maintain the quality and safety of stored goods. These warehouses are typically used to store items that require stable temperature and humidity conditions, such as food, beverages, or pharmaceuticals. They are equipped with accurate temperature and humidity control systems to ensure the preservation and safety of the stored items. The temperature and humidity control systems in these warehouses help extend the shelf life of products and reduce losses due to damage caused by unsuitable temperature or humidity levels.

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Warehouse Types Based on Storage Characteristics

The following are the warehouse types categorized based on their storage characteristics:

Raw Material Warehouse

A Raw Material Warehouse is a type of warehouse used to store raw materials that will be used in the production process. The primary function of a raw material warehouse is to ensure the availability of the required raw materials at the right time to meet production schedules. The raw material warehouse should be equipped with a good inventory control system to ensure accurate availability of raw materials and reduce the risk of shortages.

Work-in-Progress Warehouse

A Work-in-Progress Warehouse is a type of warehouse used to store products that are still in the production process and are not yet fully completed. The main function of a work-in-progress warehouse is to ensure the availability of the required work-in-progress materials at the right time to meet production schedules. The work-in-progress warehouse should also be equipped with a good inventory control system to ensure accurate availability of work-in-progress products and reduce the risk of shortages.

Finished Goods Warehouse

A Finished Goods Warehouse is a type of warehouse used to store finished products that have completed the production process. The main function of a finished goods warehouse is to store finished products before they are shipped to customers or distributors. The finished goods warehouse should be equipped with a good inventory control system to ensure accurate availability of finished products and reduce the risk of shortages.

Consolidation and Transit Warehouse

A Consolidation and Transit Warehouse is a type of warehouse used as a temporary storage location for goods that will be consolidated and shipped to their final destination. The main function of a consolidation and transit warehouse is to collect goods from multiple sources and deliver them to the final destination with cost-effective and faster shipping. The consolidation and transit warehouse should be equipped with efficient picking and shipping systems to ensure timely delivery of goods.

Transshipment Hub Warehouse

A Transshipment Hub Warehouse is a type of warehouse used as a temporary storage location for goods that will be transferred from one mode of transportation to another. The main function of a transshipment hub warehouse is to transfer goods from one mode of transportation to another with cost-effective and faster shipping. The transshipment hub warehouse should be equipped with efficient picking and shipping systems to ensure timely delivery of goods.

Cross-Docking Warehouse

A Cross-Docking Warehouse is a type of warehouse used as a temporary storage location for goods that will be directly shipped to the final destination without being stored in a storage warehouse. The main function of a cross-docking warehouse is to process goods quickly and efficiently, minimizing storage time and maximizing delivery time. Cross-docking warehouses are typically used for high-demand and fast-moving consumer goods.

Sorting Center Warehouse

A Sorting Center Warehouse is a type of warehouse used as a temporary storage location for goods that will be sorted or separated based on type, size, or destination. The main function of a sorting center warehouse is to prepare goods before they are shipped to customers or distributors. The sorting center warehouse should be equipped with efficient picking and shipping systems to ensure timely and efficient delivery of goods.

Fulfillment Warehouse

A Fulfillment Warehouse is a type of warehouse used to fulfill customer orders directly. The main function of a fulfillment warehouse is to process and deliver customer orders quickly and efficiently. The fulfillment warehouse should be equipped with efficient picking and shipping systems and equipped with technology that enables automated order processing.

Public Interest Warehouse

A Public Interest Warehouse is a type of warehouse used to store goods needed for public purposes, such as food supplies, medicines, and disaster relief. The main function of a public interest warehouse is to ensure the availability of necessary goods at the right time to assist in emergency situations or crisis conditions. The public interest warehouse should be equipped with a good inventory control system and equipped with technology that allows for fast and efficient picking and shipping of goods in emergency situations.

In running warehouse operations, the use of appropriate technology is crucial to ensure efficiency and security. One technology that can aid warehouse management is the Fleet Management System (FMS) from TransTRACK. FMS is a fleet management system that assists warehouse managers in monitoring and managing their delivery fleets more efficiently.

When operating a warehouse, it is important to choose the right technology to help improve efficiency and security. By utilizing TransTRACK’s Fleet Management System, warehouse managers can monitor their delivery fleets in real-time, enhance delivery efficiency, and reduce the risk of loss or theft of goods.

Topic

logistic warehouse management

Understanding Common Warehouse Types and Their Storage Characteristics – TransTRACK (2024)

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